Indian Journal of Health Social Work
Efficacy of Group versus Individual Relapse Prevention Therapy on Alcohol Intake and Quality of Life in Individuals with Alcohol Use Disorder
Prashant Srivastava1,Savita Chahal2
1Psychiatric Social Worker, Department of Psychiatry, Kalpana Chawla Government Medical College, Karnal, Haryana 2Assistant Professor and Head, Department of Psychiatry, Kalpana Chawla Government Medical College, Karnal, Haryana.
Correspondence: Prashant Srivastava, e-mail id: firstname.lastname@example.org
Background: Relapse prevention therapy (RPT) along with pharmacotherapy is the mainstay treatment after management of acute alcohol withdrawal syndrome in Alcohol use disorder. However, deficiency of trained mental health professionals in India is a significant problem in provision of psychosocial interventions which is consuming alcohol and hence, there is need for adoption of alternate modalities to increase efficiency of psychosocial interventions. One of the methods is providing psychosocial intervention to a number of clients at the same time. Group therapy has become popular because it is more efficient and costs less than individual treatment. We aim to compare efficiency of RPT provided to a group as compared to individual intervention. Aim and Objectives: To compare the efficacy of group based relapse prevention therapy versus individual based relapse prevention therapy on alcohol intake and Quality of Life in Alcohol use disorder. Materials and methods: 30 Persons with Alcohol use disorder attending outpatient services of Department of Psychiatry, KCGMC, Karnal and fulfilling inclusion and exclusion criteria were recruited for the study. Patients were randomized to either group based RPT or individual based RPT using systematic random sampling. The two RPT formats were identical in content, consisting weekly session for 12 weeks. Both the groups were provided routine pharmacological treatment. Primary measure outcome were abstinence and relapse rates and secondary outcome measures were treatment compliance and WHO Quality of Life (BREF) at 3 months. Results and Conclusions: Results and conclusion indicates primary measure outcome such as increased abstinence and reduced relapse rates in both the groups but it was found significantly high in group based RPT and as well as some secondary outcome measures such as treatment compliance and Quality of Life were increased in group based RPT.
Keywords: Alcohol use disorder, group relapse prevention therapy, efficacy.